Numerical Study of Acoustic Radiation due to a Supersonic Turbulent Boundary Layer


Direct numerical simulations are used to examine the pressure fluctuations generated by fully developed turbulence in a Mach 2.5 turbulent boundary layer, with an emphasis on the acoustic fluctuations radiated into the free stream. Single- and multi-point statistics of computed surface pressure fluctuations show good agreement with measurements and numerical simulations at similar flow conditions. Consistent with spark shadowgraphs obtained in free flight, the quasi-homogeneous acoustic near field in the free-stream region consists of randomly spaced wavepackets with a finite spatial coherence. The free-stream pressure fluctuations exhibit important differences from the surface pressure fluctuations in amplitude, frequency content and convection speeds. Such information can be applied towards improved modelling of boundary layer receptivity in conventional supersonic facilities and, hence, enable a better utilization of transition data acquired in such wind tunnels. The predicted acoustic characteristics are compared with the limited available measurements. Finally, the numerical database is used to understand the acoustic source mechanisms, with the finding that the supersonically convecting eddies that can directly radiate to the free stream are confined to the buffer zone within the boundary layer.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Center for High Performance Computing Research

Keywords and Phrases

Acoustic Waves; Acoustics; Aeroacoustics; Atmospheric Thermodynamics; Boundary Layer Flow; Boundary Layers; Computer Simulation; Acoustic Waves; Acoustics; Aeroacoustics; Boundary Layer Flow; Boundary Layers; Computer Simulation; Free Flight; Numerical Models; Turbulence; Turbulent Flow; Acoustic Characteristic; Acoustic Fluctuations; Boundary-Layer Receptivity; Multi-Point Statistics; Supersonic Turbulent Boundary Layers; Surface Pressure Fluctuations; Turbulence Simulation; Turbulent Boundary Layers; Turbulence; Atmospheric Thermodynamics; Acoustics; Computer Simulation; Numerical Method; Pressure Effect; Turbulence; Turbulent Boundary Layer; Aerodynamics; Numerical Model; Turbulent Flow; Wind Direction

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Document Type

Article - Journal

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