Title

Control of Low Velocity Friction and Gear Backlash in a Machine Tool Feed Drive System

Abstract

Precision-controlled mechanisms are commonly used in machining applications where the feed rates are low, direction reversals are necessary to obtain the desired work piece profile and precision requirements are in the order of micrometers or sub-micrometers. Under these conditions, friction and gear backlash effects contribute significantly to the dynamics of the system. This study investigated the use of neural network models to compensate for these effects. The approach was to switch between two controllers: (i) a proportional-plus-derivative controller together with a feedforward friction compensator when the transmission gears were engaged; and (ii) a feedforward backlash controller when the transmission gears were disengaged. The control scheme was experimentally verified using a retrofitted geared head engine lathe. The results obtained were compared to those obtained with a compensation method found in the literature.

Department(s)

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

09574158

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 1999 Elsevier Limited, All rights reserved.

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