Three-Dimensional Forced Convection in Plane Symmetric Sudden Expansion
Simulations of three-dimensional laminar forced convection in a plane symmetric sudden expansion are presented for Reynolds numbers where the flow is steady and symmetric. A swirling "jetlike" flow develops near the sidewalls in the separating shear layer, and its impingement on the stepped wall is responsible for the maximum that develops in the Nusselt number adjacent to the sidewalls and for the reverse flow that develops in that region. The maximum Nusselt number on the stepped wall is located inside the primary recirculation flow region and its location does not coincide with the jetlike flow impingement region. The results reveal that the location where the streamwise component of wall shear stress is zero on the stepped walls does not coincide with the outer edge of the primary recirculation flow region near the sidewalls.
B. F. Armaly and J. H. Nie, "Three-Dimensional Forced Convection in Plane Symmetric Sudden Expansion," Journal of Heat Transfer, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Oct 2004.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.1795242
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
United States. Department of Energy
Keywords and Phrases
Bifurcation; Flow Instability; Flow Separation; Flow Simulation; Forced Convection; Jets; Laminar Flow; Pipe Flow; Shear Flow; Swirling Flow
Article - Journal
© 2004 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), All rights reserved.