Title

Role of Initial Conditions in Unstably Stratified Hydrogen-Air Mixing Zones

Abstract

Characterization of the transient development of flammability zones from hydrogen leakage is often investigated through computational fluid dynamics simulation in order to predict the onset of hazardous ignition conditions. Without explicit consideration given to the effect of the initial conditions however, the generality of these efforts to predict the time-dependent mixing may suffer. In the present work, simulations of unstably-stratified hydrogen and air with various initial conditions allow the quantification of sensitivity of hydrogen dispersion to initial conditions. Development of turbulent mixing between a binary hydrogen-air system and propagation of flammability zones is studied using third-order accurate implicit large-eddy simulation. We find large wavelengths in the initial conditions contribute to faster propagation of the fuel first-arrival boundary and lower flammability envelope-important when considering accidental ignition. The results provide data necessary for predictive mix models of flammability zones propagation within enclosures.

Department(s)

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Sponsor(s)

National Science Foundation (U.S.). CBET-Fluid Dynamics program

Keywords and Phrases

Initial Conditions; Transient Hydrogen Mixing

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2011 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

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