Multiple Cracks in Three-Dimensional (3-D) Unidirectional Composites. Compliance and Energy Release Rates
A three-dimensional unidirectional composite with fibers aligned along the loading direction and containing planar multiple cracks is analyzed for its fracture behavior. The stresses and displacements are determined using a consistent shear lag formulation that accounts for the load-carrying capacity of the matrix in the longitudinal and transverse directions. The cracks arc of equal size and distributed uniformly along the load axis. The change in compliance and energy release rates are obtained as functions of crack size (area) and spacing (crack density). The results show that the growth of existing cracks occurs more easily than multiplication of cracks that is, formation of new cracks.
L. R. Dharani and L. Chai, "Multiple Cracks in Three-Dimensional (3-D) Unidirectional Composites. Compliance and Energy Release Rates," Journal of Composites Technology and Research, American Society for Testing and Materials, Jan 1991.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1520/CTR10234J
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Article - Journal
© 1991 American Society for Testing and Materials, All rights reserved.