Title

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in a Partially or Fully Penetrated Weld Pool in Gas Tungsten Arc Welding

Abstract

In this study, fluid flow driven by a combination of electromagnetic force, buoyancy force, arc drag force, and surface tension gradient is numerically analyzed for a partially or fully penetrated weld pool in stationary gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW). Irregular shape of the weld pool and the moving liquid-solid interface is handled by a boundary-fitted-coordinates technique. Surface tension on the top and the bottom free surfaces of the weld pool is found to play a critical role in determining the flow pattern in the weld pool. The calculated GTA weld bead geometry compares favorably with experimental results. © 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.In this study, fluid flow driven by a combination of electromagnetic force, buoyancy force, arc drag force, and surface tension gradient is numerically analyzed for a partially or fully penetrated weld pool in stationary gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW). Irregular shape of the weld pool and the moving liquid-solid interface is handled by a boundary-fitted-coordinates technique. Surface tension on the top and the bottom free surfaces of the weld pool is found to play a critical role in determining the flow pattern in the weld pool. The calculated GTA weld bead geometry compares favorably with experimental results.

Department(s)

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

0017-9310

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2000 Elsevier, All rights reserved.

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