U.S./India Co-Operative Biomass Conversion Program


As part of an overall effort to reduce the dependence on imported oil, the Government of India and the U.S. Agency for International Development have recently initiated a collaborative program to develop and implement newer coal and biomass energy conversion technologies in India. The dispersed nature of biomass resources generally restricts their application to small to medium-scale energy conversion technologies. However, the mining, beneficiation, and transportation of coal is done economically to satisfy the demand of large centralized energy conversion technologies. Thus, the development and implementation of biomass conversion technologies are quite complementary to the development of large-scale coal conversion technologies. The successful development, testing, and wide-scale commercialization of biomass conversion technologies in India, in addition to facilitating the reduction in imported oil demand, will also indirectly help conserve the indigenous coal resources, thus enhancing the local coal supply for large, centralized, coal-based plants. This paper highlights the objectives of the biomass conversion component of the collaborative energy program and presents the status of biomass conversion technology development and implementation efforts in India.


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

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Article - Journal

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