Solar Powered Residential Hydrogen Fueling Station
This paper presents a conceptual design of a solar powered hydrogen fueling station for a single family home in Wallingford, Connecticut, USA. Sixty high-efficiency monocrystalline silicon photovoltaic (PV) solar panels (Total capacity: 18.9 kW) account for approximately 94.7% of the hydrogen home's power consumption. The fueling station consists of a 165 bar high pressure electrolyzer for on-site production of 2.24 kg/day of hydrogen, three-bank cascade configuration storage tanks (4.26 kg of H2 at 350 bar) and a SAE J2600 compliant hydrogen nozzle. The system produces 0.8 kg/day of hydrogen for a fuel cell vehicle with an average commute of 56 km/day (Fuel mileage: 71 km/kg H2). Safety codes and standards applicable at the facility are described, and a well-to-wheel analysis is performed to contrast the carbon dioxide emissions of conventional gasoline and fuel cell vehicles. The energy efficiency obtained by incorporating a solar-hydrogen system for residential applications is also computed. © 2011, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
A. Shah et al., "Solar Powered Residential Hydrogen Fueling Station," International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Elsevier, Jan 2011.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.07.072
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Electrolyzer; Energy Efficiency; Photovoltaic; Residential Hydrogen Fueling; Safety; Well-To-Wheel
Article - Journal
© 2011 Elsevier, All rights reserved.