Thiourea-thiocyanate Leaching System For Gold
The leaching of gold in thiourea-thiocyanate solutions has been studied by the rotating-disc technique using ferric sulfate as oxidant. The effects of initial concentrations of ferric, thiourea (Tu) and thiocyanate as well as temperature and pH on gold leaching rates were studied. An initial gold leaching rate in the order of 10− 9 mol cm− 2 s− 1 was obtained at 25 °C, which was higher than rates obtained when either ferric-thiocyanate or ferric-thiourea solutions were used separately. The synergistic effect was attributed to the formation of a mixed ligand complex Au(Tu)2SCN. Determinations of apparent activation energy indicate that the process was controlled by a combination of chemical reaction and diffusion in the mixed lixiviant system. Open circuit potentials show that thiocyanate stability is increased in the mixture.
X. Yang et al., "Thiourea-thiocyanate Leaching System For Gold," Hydrometallurgy, vol. 106, no. 1 - 2, pp. 58-63, Elsevier, Jan 2011.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2010.11.018
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Gold Leaching; Thiourea; Thiocyanate; Synergistic Effect; Rotating Discs; Kinetics
Article - Journal
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