Title

Pressure-less Sintering of ZrB-SiC Ceramics

Abstract

A pressureless sintering process was developed for the densification of zirconium diboride ceramics containing 10-30 vol% silicon carbide particles. Initially, boron carbide was evaluated as a sintering aid. However, the formation of a borosilicate glass led to significant coarsening, which inhibited densification. Based on thermodynamic calculations, a combination of carbon and boron carbide was added, which enabled densification (relative density >98%) by solid-state sintering at temperatures as low as 1950°C. Varying the size of the starting silicon carbide particles allowed the final silicon carbide particle morphology to be controlled from equiaxed to whisker-like. the mechanical properties of sintered ceramics were comparable with hot-pressed materials with Vickers hardness of 22 GPa, elastic modulus of 460 GPa, and fracture toughness of ∼4 MPa·m1/2. Flexure strength was ∼460 MPa, which is at the low end of the range reported for similar materials, due to the relatively large size (∼13 μm long) of the silicon carbide inclusions.

Department(s)

Materials Science and Engineering

Sponsor(s)

Air Force Research Laboratory (Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio)

Keywords and Phrases

Densification; Fracture Toughness; Particle Morphology; Solid-State Sintering; Zirconium Diboride Ceramics

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Sintering

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2008 Wiley-Blackwell, All rights reserved.

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