Title

Preparation and in Vitro Characterization of Electrospun PVA Scaffolds Coated with Bioactive Glass for Bone Regeneration

Editor(s)

Anderson, James M.

Abstract

An important objective in bone tissue engineering is to fabricate biomimetic three-dimensional scaffolds that stimulate mineralization for rapid regeneration of bone. in this work, scaffolds of electrospun poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) fibers (diameter = 286 ± 14 nm) were coated with a sol-gel derived bioactive glass (BG) and evaluated in vitro for potential applications in bone repair. Structural and chemical analyses showed that the BG coating was homogeneously deposited on the PVA fibers. in vitro cell culture studies showed that the BG-coated PVA scaffold had a greater capacity to support proliferation of osteogenic MC3T3-E1 cells, alkaline phosphatase activity, and mineralization than the uncoated PVA scaffold. the BG coating improved the tensile strength of the PVA scaffold from 18 ± 2 MPa to 21 ± 2 MPa, but reduced the elongation to failure from 94 ± 4% to 64 ± 5%. However, immersion of the BG-coated PVA scaffolds in a simulated body fluid for 5 days resulted in an increase in the tensile strength (24 ± 2 MPa) and elongation to failure (159 ± 4%). Together, the results show that these BG-coated PVA scaffolds could be considered as candidate materials for bone tissue engineering applications.

Department(s)

Materials Science and Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Alkaline Phosphatase/Metabolism; Animals; Bone Regeneration/Drug Effects; Cell Line; Cell Shape/Drug Effects; Coated Materials-Biocompatible/Pharmacology; Glass/Chemistry; Materials Testing; Mice; Microscopy -Electron-Scanning; Polyvinyl Alcohol/Chemical Synthesis; Polyvinyl Alcohol/Chemistry; Spectroscopy-Fourier Transform Infrared; Tensile Strength/Drug Effects; Tissue Engineering/Methods; Tissue Scaffolds/Chemistry; X-Ray Diffraction

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2012 Wiley-Blackwell, All rights reserved.

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