Forming Al₂O₃-Al Composites with Controlled Compositions by Reactive Metal Penetration of Dense Aluminosilicate Preforms
Alumina-Al composites with controlled compositions containing 17 to 31 vol% Al were formed by reactive metal penetration (RMP) of molten Al into dense aluminosilicate preforms. A reaction model has been developed to accurately predict composite Al content from the SiO2:Al2O3 ratio of the preform. The model was tested and validated by comparing predicted composite compositions to those measured for RMP composites made from preforms of known compositions. Aluminosilicate preforms containing 28.1, 39.0, and 54.1 wt% SiO2 were reacted with Al to produce composites with 17, 25, and 31 vol% Al, respectively. These values compare favorably to Al contents of 17.7, 22.7, and 28.6 vol% Al predicted using the reaction model. The differences between predicted and measured values are attributed to the presence of porosity and Si in the composites, as well as impurities in the SiO2 glass phase and porosity in the preforms, none of which is specifically accounted for in the reaction model.
D. T. Ellerby et al., "Forming Al₂O₃-Al Composites with Controlled Compositions by Reactive Metal Penetration of Dense Aluminosilicate Preforms," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, John Wiley & Sons, Jan 2000.
Materials Science and Engineering
United States. Department of Energy
Keywords and Phrases
Alumina; Aluminum; Composites
Article - Journal
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