Development of Solid‐oxide Fuel Cells That Operate at 500° C
Solid‐oxide fuel cells based on doped ceria electrolytes and operating at 500°C are shown to be feasible. The operating regime of doped ceria electrolytes is discussed. It is shown that the ionic conductivity of ceria‐based fuel cells is sufficiently high for operation with hydrogen fuel at low temperatures. The major challenges of fabricating a thin electrolyte by a conventional method and the development of high‐performance cathodes capable of operating at 500-600°C are addressed. Cells based on thin‐film ceria electrolytes also exhibited good open‐circuit voltages between 0.97 and 1 V. Cathode materials with high performance have been developed from pyrochlores, perovskites, and cermets of silver and doped bismuth oxide. The advantages and disadvantages of different cathode materials are discussed. The maximum power density obtained at 500°C was 140mW/cm^2
R. Doshi et al., "Development of Solid‐oxide Fuel Cells That Operate at 500° C," Journal of The Electrochemical Society, The Electrochemical Society (ECS), Jan 1999.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.1391758
Materials Science and Engineering
Article - Journal
© 1999 The Electrochemical Society (ECS), All rights reserved.