Simulation of Cooling Rate Effects on Ti-48Al-2Cr-2Nb Crack Formation in Direct Laser Deposition
Transient temperature history is vital in direct laser deposition (DLD) as it reveals the cooling rate at specific temperatures. Cooling rate directly relates to phase transformation and types of microstructure formed in deposits. In this paper, finite element analysis simulation was employed to study the transient temperature history and cooling rate at different experimental setups in the Ti-48Al-2Cr-2Nb DLD process. An innovative prediction strategy was developed to model with a moving Gaussian distribution heat source and element birth and death technology in ANSYS®, and fabricate crack-free deposits. This approach helps to understand and analyze the impact of cooling rate and also explain phase information gathered from x-ray diffraction.
L. Yan et al., "Simulation of Cooling Rate Effects on Ti-48Al-2Cr-2Nb Crack Formation in Direct Laser Deposition," JOM, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 586-591, Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS), Mar 2017.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11837-016-2211-8
Materials Science and Engineering
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Cracks; Deposition; Deposits; Finite Element Method; Temperature; Titanium; X-ray Diffraction; Cooling Rate Effect; Cooling Rates; Crack Free; Direct Laser Deposition; Heat Sources; Phase Information; Transient Temperature History; Cooling
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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