Misfit Strain Relaxation Mechanisms in Core/Shell Nanowires
In the past decade, core/shell nanowires (NWs) have attracted much attention due to the broad variety of potential applications of these structures in future nanoelectronic and nanophotonic devices. Because of the lattice mismatch between the core and shell materials, crystal dislocations often form to relax the mismatch strains. In this article, we propose a relaxation mechanism for the misfit strains generated in the core/shell NWs, in which lattice dislocations nucleate from the outer surfaces and then propagate to the core/shell interface. An analytical model is developed to predict the critical shell thickness corresponding to defect-free core/shell NWs with respect to the growth direction.
H. Chu et al., "Misfit Strain Relaxation Mechanisms in Core/Shell Nanowires," JOM, vol. 64, no. 10, pp. 1258-1262, Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS), Oct 2012.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11837-012-0435-9
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Core/shell; Defect-Free; Growth Directions; Lattice Dislocations; Misfit Strain Relaxation; Mismatch Strain; Nanophotonic Devices; Outer Surface; Potential Applications; Relaxation Mechanism; Shell Materials; Shell Thickness; Nanowires; Dislocations (Crystals)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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