In Vitro Degradation and Conversion of Melt-Derived Bioactive Glass Microfibers in Simulated Body Fluid
Melt-derived borate bioactive glass microfibers are showing a considerable capacity to heal chronic soft tissue wounds in humans and animals. In the present study, the degradation and conversion of borate (13-93B3) bioactive glass microfibers (diameter = 0.2-5 microns) to hydroxyapatite (HA) in simulated body fluid (SBF) at 37°C were studied and compared with the results for silicate 55S5 bioactive glass microfibers. The 13-93B3 microfibers converted more rapidly to amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) but crystallization of the ACP to HA appeared to occur more slowly when compared to the 45S5 microfibers. Doping the 13-93B3 glass with CuO (0.4 wt. %) + ZnO (1.0 wt. %) or with CuO (0.4 wt. %) + ZnO (1.0 wt. %) + Fe2O3 (0.4 wt. %) + SrO (2.0 wt %) had little effect on the degradation of microfibers and their conversion to ACP but it slowed the crystallization of the ACP to HA. The release of Cu and Sr ions from the doped microfibers into SBF was considerably higher than Zn and Fe ions which were mainly retained in the ACP or HA product. The results are relevant to the design of microfibrous bioactive glass with improved capacity for wound healing.
M. N. Rahaman et al., "In Vitro Degradation and Conversion of Melt-Derived Bioactive Glass Microfibers in Simulated Body Fluid," Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 17-28, American Ceramic Society, Jan 2016.
Advances in Bioceramics and Porous Ceramics VIII - 39th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites (2015: Jan. 25-30, Daytona Beach, FL)
Materials Science and Engineering
Mining and Nuclear Engineering
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