Three-Dimensional Zinc Incorporated Borosilicate Bioactive Glass Scaffolds for Rodent Critical-Sized Calvarial Defects Repair and Regeneration
The biomaterials with high osteogenic ability are being intensively investigated. In this study, we evaluated the bioactivity and osteogenesis of BG-Zn scaffolds in vitro and in vivo with a rodent calvarial defects model. Zinc containing borosilicate bioactive glass was prepared by doping glass with 1.5, 5 and 10. wt.% ZnO (denoted as BG-1.5Zn, BG-5Zn and BG-10Zn, respectively). When immersed in simulated body fluid, dopant ZnO retarded the degradation process, but did not affect the formation of hydroxyapatite (HA) after long-period soaking. BG-Zn scaffolds showed controlled release of Zn ions into the medium for over 8 weeks. Human bone marrow derived stem cells (hBMSCs) attached well on the BG-1.5Zn and BG-5Zn scaffolds, which exhibited no cytotoxicity to hBMSCs. In addition, the alkaline phosphatase activity of the hBMSCs increased with increasing dopant amount in the glass, while the BG-10Zn group showed over-dose of Zn. Furthermore, when implanted in rat calvarial defects for 8 weeks, the BG-5Zn scaffolds showed a significantly better capacity to regenerate bone tissue compared to the non-doping scaffolds. Generally, these results showed the BG-Zn scaffolds with high osteogenic capacity will be promising candidates using in bone tissue repair and regeneration.
H. Wang et al., "Three-Dimensional Zinc Incorporated Borosilicate Bioactive Glass Scaffolds for Rodent Critical-Sized Calvarial Defects Repair and Regeneration," Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, vol. 130, pp. 149-156, Elsevier, Jun 2015.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2015.03.053
Materials Science and Engineering
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