Title

Compositional Effect of Thin Electrode Functional Layers on the Performance of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Abstract

Anode supported solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) were fabricated by addition of various metal oxides such as Fe2O3, Co 3O4 and TiO2 to thin anode functional layers between the electrolyte (yttria-stabilized zirconia, YSZ) and electrode materials (anode support: YSZ-NiO). Effect of the additives on the power density and impedance spectra of SOFC was studied. It was found that addition of Co3O4 to anode functional layer was most effective towards improvement of power densities and reduction of the total ohmic resistance as well as the area specific resistance of the cells, while addition of TiO 2 to anode functional layer resulted in lower power densities. Possible mechanisms on the relationship between the additives in electrode functional layers and the cell performance were briefly discussed.

Department(s)

Materials Science and Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Anode functional layer; Anode supported solid oxide fuel cells; Anode-support; Area-specific resistances; Cell performance; Compositional effects; Electrode material; Functional layer; impedance spectroscopy; Impedance spectrum; Metal oxides; Ohmic resistance; Power densities; Thin electrode; TiO; Hydrogen; Ohmic contacts; Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC); Titanium dioxide; Yttria stabilized zirconia; Anodes

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

1550624X

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2011 American Society of Mechanical Engineers(ASME), All rights reserved.

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