Effects of Ba6Ti17O40 on the Dielectric Properties of Nb-Doped BaTiO3 Ceramics
The dielectric properties, including the DC breakdown strength, of 1 mol% Nb 5+-doped BaTiO3 ceramics with different quantities of excess TiO2 have been investigated. The breakdown strength was found to decrease with increasing TiO2 content, but could not be readily explained by relative density and grain size effects. The decrease in the breakdown strength from a stoichiometric BaTiO3 composition to samples with excess TiO2 is believed to be due to the field enhancement effect (up to a factor of 1.40) at the BaTiO3 matrix because of the presence of a Ba6Ti17O40 second phase. The thermal expansion coefficient mismatch between the BaTiO3 matrix phase and the Ba6Ti17O40 phase may also result in a low breakdown strength. The dielectric properties of the pure Ba6Ti17O40 phase were also investigated and are reported herein.
X. Xu and G. Hilmas, "Effects of Ba6Ti17O40 on the Dielectric Properties of Nb-Doped BaTiO3 Ceramics," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 89, no. 8, pp. 2496-2501, Wiley-Blackwell, Aug 2006.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2006.01075.x
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Breakdown strength; Field enhancement effect; Low breakdown strength; Thermal expansion coefficient; Barium compounds; Ceramic materials; Composition; Grain size and shape; Matrix algebra; Thermal expansion; Titanium dioxide; Dielectric properties
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2006 Wiley-Blackwell, All rights reserved.