Effect of Variant Strain Accommodation on the Three-Dimensional Microstructure Formation during Martensitic Transformation: Application to Zirconia
This paper computationally investigates the effect of martensitic variant strain accommodation on the formation of microstructural and topological patterning in zirconia. We used the phase-field technique to capture the temporal and spatial evolution of embryonic formation of the monoclinic phase in tetragonal single crystals. The three-dimensional simulations were able to capture the formation of all the possible monoclinic variants. We used the multivariant single embryo as an initial condition to mitigate the lack of nucleation criteria at the mesoscale. Without a priori constraint, the model can select the transformation path and final microstructure. The phase-field model was benchmarked against experimental studies on surface uplift formation in zirconia reported by Deville et al. (Acta Mater 2004;52:5697, Acta Mater 2004;52:5709). The simulations showed the excellent capabilities of the model in predicting the formation of a surface relief induced by the tetragonal to monoclinic martensitic transformation.
M. Mamivand et al., "Effect of Variant Strain Accommodation on the Three-Dimensional Microstructure Formation during Martensitic Transformation: Application to Zirconia," Acta Materialia, vol. 87, pp. 45-55, Elsevier Ltd, Apr 2015.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2014.12.036
Materials Science and Engineering
Center for High Performance Computing Research
Keywords and Phrases
Microstructure; Phase interfaces; Single crystals; Zirconia; Final microstructures; Phase field models; Strain accommodations; Surface reliefs; Temporal and spatial evolutions; Three dimensional simulations; Three-dimensional microstructures; Transformation paths; Martensitic transformation; Zirconia
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
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