Title

Oxidation of ZrB₂-SiC Ultrahigh-temperature Ceramic Composites in Dissociated Air

Abstract

The oxidation behavior and surface properties of hot-pressed ZrB2-SiC ultrahigh-temperature ceramic composites are investigated under aerothermal heating conditions in the high-temperature, low-pressure partially dissociated airstream of the 1.2 MWPlasmatron facility at the von Kármán Institute for Fluid Dynamics. Samples are oxidized at different flow enthalpies for exposure times of up to 20 min at surface temperatures ranging from 1250 to 1575C. The microstructure and composition of the resulting oxide layers are characterized using electron and optical microscopies, x-ray diffraction, and energy-dispersive x-ray analysis. Comparisons are made with samples oxidized under similar temperature and pressure conditions in a furnace test environment in which atomic oxygen concentrations are negligible. Changes in surface optical properties are documented using spectral reflectance measurements, and effective catalytic efficiencies are estimated using computational fluid dynamics calculations together with measured surface temperatures and heat fluxes.

Department(s)

Materials Science and Engineering

Sponsor(s)

United States. Air Force. Office of Scientific Research
European Office of Aerospace Research and Development
National Science Foundation (U.S.)

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2009 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), All rights reserved.

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