Electron Beam Reduction of Sodium-containing Glass Surfaces
Soda-silicate and soda-lime silicate glass surfaces were irradiated by a 3 keV, 0.50 mA/cm2 electron beam and then characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Sodium is depleted from the bombarded surfaces and the non-bridging-to-bridging oxygen ratios also decrease, in agreement with previous studies. Metallic sodium forms on the surfaces of irradiated binary glasses, whereas no reduced sodium can be detected on electron bombarded CaO-containing glass surfaces. © 1994.
R. K. Brow, "Electron Beam Reduction of Sodium-containing Glass Surfaces," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Elsevier, Jan 1994.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3093(94)90007-8
Materials Science and Engineering
Article - Journal
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