Pressureless Sintering of B₄C Whisker Reinforced Al₂O₃ Matrix Composites
Al2O3-B4C whisker composites have been successfully densified by pressureless sintering. Low oxygen partial pressures, below 10-10 atmospheres, were determined to be suitable for the composite densification, and the maximum densities were achieved at 1800 ⁰C for 60 minutes. The B4C whiskers were screened classified into five size fractions and the effect of size and size distribution on the densification were studied. The small whiskers with a narrow size distribution (-325 + 400 mesh) yielded the highest density results. The maximum value of relative densities was 98%, 97%, 94% and 89% at 10, 20, 30 and 40 vol % B4C whiskers, respectively. Addition of B4C between 5 and 15 vol % proved to be a sintering aid to the alumina densification via mechanisms other than being a grain growth inhibitor. An increased fracture toughness up to 6.2 MPa·m 1/2 was achieved in the composites containing 10-20 vol % B4C whiskers.
X. Lin and P. D. Ownby, "Pressureless Sintering of B₄C Whisker Reinforced Al₂O₃ Matrix Composites," Journal of Materials Science, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 411-418, Springer Verlag, Jan 2000.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1004715300441
Materials Science and Engineering
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