Title

Immobilization of Spent Nuclear Fuel in Iron Phosphate Glass

Abstract

Twenty-four iron phosphate compositions (15 wt% wasteloading) were evaluated to determine their suitability for vitrifying Al-clad, highly enriched uranium, spent nuclear fuel (SNF). In half the compositions melted, 80 wt% of the Al2O3 in the simulated SNF was removed prior to vitrification. All twenty-four compositions formed homogeneous glasses, many at temperatures as low as 1150°C. As little as 2.5 wt% Na2O decreased melt viscosity and increased alumina solubility in those glasses of higher alumina contents (7.2 wt% Al2O3). None of the glasses contained undissolved uranium compounds as has been found in borosilicate glasses containing as little 4.4 wt% UO2. The chemical durability (measured by the product consistency test (PCT)) of the iron phosphate wasteforms is as good as, and in many cases up to 15 times better than the approved reference material (ARM-1) borosilicate glass.

Department(s)

Materials Science and Engineering

Sponsor(s)

Savannah River Technology Center (U.S.)

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 1999 Elsevier, All rights reserved.


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