Structural Design of Sealing Glasses
Requirements for enhanced component performance and reliability have led to the development of novel glass compositions for a variety of hermetic sealing applications. The development of technologically useful glass compositions was based on an understanding of the relationships between the molecular-level glass structure and important physical properties. The properties of the alkaline earth aluminoborate glasses for lithium batteries are sensitive to changes in B- and Al-coordination number, characterized by solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. In general, the most useful compositions have structures that are dominated by tetrahedral B- and Al-sites. Mixed alkali aluminophosphate glasses were developed for aluminum electrical connectors. The properties of sodium aluminophosphate glasses depend on the O/P ratio and significant property changes (e.g. maxima in Tg and refractive index) occur when O/P exceeds the pyrophosphate limit at 3.5. Associated with these property changes is a decrease in the average Al-coordination number, from six to four, at O/P > 3.5. Raman spectroscopy provides additional information about the aluminophosphate network. Finally, zinc borophosphate glasses are developed for seals in flat panel displays. Boron-11 NMR shows that tetrahedral borons are preferred in xB2O3(1-x)(PO3)2 and in yB2O3(1-y)Zn2P2O7 glasses for x < 0.4 and y < 0.2. Raman spectroscopy reveals the concomitant evolution from a phosphate to a borophosphate network with increasing x and y. © 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.
R. K. Brow and D. R. Tallant, "Structural Design of Sealing Glasses," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Elsevier, Jan 1997.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(97)90142-3
Materials Science and Engineering
Article - Journal
© 1997 Elsevier, All rights reserved.