Title

Low Temperature Superplasticity in a Friction-stir-processed Ultrafine Grained Al-Zn-Mg-Sc Alloy

Abstract

Friction stir processing (FSP) was used to create a microstructure with ultrafine grains (0.68 μm grain size) in an as-cast Al-8.9Zn-2.6Mg-0.09Sc (wt.%) alloy. The ultrafine grained alloy exhibited superplasticity at relatively low temperatures and higher strain rates. Optimum ductility of 1165% at a strain rate of 3 × 10−2 s−1 and 310 °C was obtained. Enhanced superplasticity was also achieved at a temperature as low as 220 °C. Experimentally observed parametric dependencies and microstructural examinations indicated that the operating deformation mechanism might be the Rachinger grain boundary sliding accommodated by intragranular slip. The FSP microstructure became highly unstable at 390 °C onwards, thus, affecting ductility adversely. In situ transmission electron microscopy heating was used to understand the instability phenomenon, which has been attributed to the drop in particle pinning forces due to the dissolution of metastable precipitates and microstructural heterogeneity.

Department(s)

Materials Science and Engineering

Sponsor(s)

National Science Foundation (U.S.)
University of Missouri Research Board

Keywords and Phrases

Friction Stir Processing; Ultrafine Grained Microstructure

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Aluminum alloys
Superplasticity

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 2005 Elsevier, All rights reserved.


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