Injection in Pyrometallurgy - the Howard Worner International Symposium
The final paper of Howard Worner presented at the Worner Symposium, discussed the phases of his career as an inventor and innovator in pyrometallurgical process development. In 1960, Worner developed the process for continuous concentrate-to-metal smelting of copper and other nonferrous concentrates. The pilot plants built for this concept are among the first demonstrations of bath smelting and counter-current reactor design. The development of injection lances for these early reactors helped create the new type of high-temperature process, which is still the basis for most new pyrometallurgical process design.
M. E. Schlesinger and M. Nilmani, "Injection in Pyrometallurgy - the Howard Worner International Symposium," JOM Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Springer Verlag, Jan 1997.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02914875
Materials Science and Engineering
Article - Journal
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