Effect of Rigid Inclusions on the Sintering of Mullite Synthesized by Sol-gel Processing
Carter, C. B.
The effect of crystalline particulate inclusions of mullite or zirconia on the sintering and crystallization of a mullite powder matrix was investigated as a function of the inclusion volume fraction and size. The mullite powder was synthesized by sol-gel processing and, within the limits of X-ray diffraction, was amorphous. Composites containing up to 22.5 vol % zirconia reached almost full density after sintering at 1500 °C for 1 h. Under identical conditions, the sintered density of the composites containing crystalline mullite inclusions was considerably lower. The zirconia inclusions were inert but the mullite inclusions enhanced the independent nucleation and growth rate of the mullite crystals in the matrix. The lower sintering rate of the matrix reinforced with crystalline mullite is attributed to the enhanced matrix crystallization.
D. Jeng and M. N. Rahaman, "Effect of Rigid Inclusions on the Sintering of Mullite Synthesized by Sol-gel Processing," Journal of Materials Science, Springer Verlag, Jan 1993.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01154951
Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Polymer Sciences; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering; Characterization and Evaluation Materials; Mechanics
Article - Journal
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