Title

Effect of Rigid Inclusions on the Sintering of Mullite Synthesized by Sol-gel Processing

Editor(s)

Carter, C. B.

Abstract

The effect of crystalline particulate inclusions of mullite or zirconia on the sintering and crystallization of a mullite powder matrix was investigated as a function of the inclusion volume fraction and size. The mullite powder was synthesized by sol-gel processing and, within the limits of X-ray diffraction, was amorphous. Composites containing up to 22.5 vol % zirconia reached almost full density after sintering at 1500 °C for 1 h. Under identical conditions, the sintered density of the composites containing crystalline mullite inclusions was considerably lower. The zirconia inclusions were inert but the mullite inclusions enhanced the independent nucleation and growth rate of the mullite crystals in the matrix. The lower sintering rate of the matrix reinforced with crystalline mullite is attributed to the enhanced matrix crystallization.

Department(s)

Materials Science and Engineering

Keywords and Phrases

Polymer Sciences; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering; Characterization and Evaluation Materials; Mechanics

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version

Citation

File Type

text

Language(s)

English

Rights

© 1993 Springer Verlag, All rights reserved.


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