Masters Theses

Author

Qiuwan Yu

Keywords and Phrases

Depositional sequence model; Nonmarine Basin; Sequence stratigraphy; Zhangjiatan Shale Bed

Abstract

"Detailed sequence stratigraphic and depositional systems analyses can effectively delineate factors and processes controlling deposition of fine-grained lacustrine sediments. Upper Triassic Zhangjiatan (ZJT) Shale Bed and adjacent strata in Ordos foreland basin was used as an example. A new depositional sequence model shows that the maximum regressive shoreline was more landward than that at the lowest lake-level. The study area is on the ramp margin, covering 100x90 km2. Thin sections, cores and well-logs of 80 wells are used to calibrate log signatures, document lithofacies, and interpret depositional facies in a sequence stratigraphic context. The entire sequence thickens from 25 m in the NE to 160 m in the center, and thins to 55 m in the SW, suggesting a NW-SE-oriented elongate lake basin. The shoreline transgressed from the WSW corner northeastward outside the study area, and then regressed farther basinward than the initial shoreline. Ten environmental facies were interpreted. The lowstand systems tract constitutes a high-order sequence and is dominated by fluvial facies, including incised valley, lakeplain, and overbank. Lacustrine deposits are dominated by the high-order highstand prodeltaic to delta front facies. The transgressive systems tract is dominated by lacustrine sublittoral, littoral, beach, to supra-littoral facies. The highstand systems tract is dominated by prodeltaic to delta front deposits, which are partially eroded. Lake-level variations may have been the dominant control on the development of the two-order Zhangjiatan sequence, and combined with depositional topography and variation of sediment supply, dictated shoreline positions and the stratigraphic architecture of the sequence"--Abstract, page iii.

Advisor(s)

Yang, Wan

Committee Member(s)

Oboh-Ikuenobe, Francisca
Wronkiewicz, David J.

Department(s)

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Degree Name

M.S. in Geology

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

Fall 2015

Pagination

x, 142 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographic references (pages 139-141).

Rights

© 2015 Qiuwan Yu, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

File Type

text

Language

English

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Sedimentation and deposition -- China
Geology, Stratigraphic -- Triassic
Paleogeography -- China

Thesis Number

T 10807

Electronic OCLC #

936209562

Comments

MS in Geology and Geophysics--Vita, page 142.

Included in

Geology Commons

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