Masters Theses

Alternative Title

Thermochemical investigations of the methanol isopropanol system

Abstract

"Heats of solution and partial molar excess volumes at infinite dilution were determined for n-butanol, acetone, chloroform, and water in pure methanol, pure isopropanol, and several mixtures of the two at 25.0⁰C. The partial molar excess enthalpies of methanol and isopropanol were also determined and were combined to obtain integral heats of mixing. All heat data were obtained using a calorimeter of the heat-leak design, containing approximately 300 ml of solvent. Sample sizes ranged for 0.1 to 8 ml. Individual heat measurements were reproducible to 0.05 calories and reported values are considered to be accurate to 1% + 0.5 calorie per mole. Dilatometers of approximately 50 ml capacity were used for volumetric measurements. Sample sizes ranged from 0.1 to 1 ml. The volumetric measurements are considered to be accurate to 1% + 0.02 ml. The heat of mixing of methanol - isopropanol is exothermic with a minimum of -19.0 calories per mole at 0.6 mole fraction isopropanol. All heats of solution and partial molar volumes showed negative deviations from the mole fraction average of the values obtained in the pure solvents. Heats of solution were combined with excess volumes to obtain values for Ev as a function of solvent composition"--Abstract, page iii.

Advisor(s)

Bertrand, Gary L.

Committee Member(s)

Roach, D. Vincent
Mayhan, Kenneth G.

Department(s)

Chemistry

Degree Name

M.S. in Chemistry

Sponsor(s)

Research Corporation
University of Missouri Research Board

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

1969

Pagination

viii, 65 pages

Rights

© 1969 Elmer Lee Taylor, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

File Type

text

Language

English

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Colorimetry
Heat of solution
Solution (Chemistry)
Thermodynamics

Thesis Number

T 2264

Print OCLC #

6009414

Electronic OCLC #

809201291

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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