Masters Theses

Abstract

"Motivated by the need to reduce congestion on the nation's roadway network, this research seeks to determine when a new detection scheme at actuated signalized intersections may help. This new detection scheme is called lane-by-lane detection. It "looks" at traffic in all lanes individually to determine the traffic volume on the roadway. Specifically, the problems addressed are investigating alternate signal timings and investigating the traffic volume's effect on performance of the detection scheme. For the alternate signal timings, an Evolutionary Algorithm (EA) was employed to identify the optimal signal timing. This algorithm creates signal timings and tests them in the microscopic traffic simulator, VISSIM. VISSIM returns the average delay to act as a measure of the signal timing. From this value, the EA uses evolutionary techniques found in biology to find the optimal signal timing. The investigation of traffic volume scenarios was performed using the optimal signal timings found by the EA as a starting point. This signal timing was run 25 times under each type of detection and the results were compared for 10 volume scenarios. A comparison of the performance for each volume scenario was completed. The results of the EA conclusively show that there is no signal timing which is better suited for lane-by-lane detection than for single-channel detection. Based upon this it is recommended that lane-by-lane detection be implemented with no other change to the signal control logic. Then the traffic signal volume study showed that low to moderate traffic volumes were necessary at the intersection for lane-by-lane detection to be beneficial. Also low left turning volumes were necessary on all approaches because large volumes sometimes interfered with thru traffic. If these guidelines are kept in mind, the reduction in delay per vehicle should be approximately 1.65 seconds"--Abstract, page iii.

Advisor(s)

Baik, Hojong

Committee Member(s)

Bham, Ghulam
Park, Byungkyu

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Degree Name

M.S. in Civil Engineering

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

2009

Pagination

viii, 61 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 59-60).

Rights

© 2009 Eric G. Strack, E.I.T, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Thesis - Restricted Access

File Type

text

Language

English

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Roads -- Interchanges and intersections
Traffic signs and signals
Electronic traffic controls
Traffic flow -- Computer simulation
Evolutionary programming (Computer science)

Thesis Number

T 10281

Print OCLC #

870998503

Electronic OCLC #

906051612

Link to Catalog Record

Electronic access to the full-text of this document is restricted to Missouri S&T users. Otherwise, request this publication directly from Missouri S&T Library or contact your local library.

http://laurel.lso.missouri.edu:80/record=b10251215~S5

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