Masters Theses

Abstract

"The purpose of this study was to investigate the anodic oxidation of crotonic acid in basic solutions. Potassium hydroxide solutions of pH 12.3 and KOH-K2CO3 solutions of pH 11.5 and 10.5 were used. The investigation was carried out on platinized-platinum anodes at 80°C.

Experimental studies were conducted to determine the effects of crotonic acid concentration, pH, and temperature on the current. Faradaic efficiency was determined by analysis of CO2 produced and was approximately 100 per cent.

The results were interpreted in terms of a mechanism having the following characteristics:

  1. The first electron transfer is the rate determining step.
  2. Hydroxyl ion discharge is the rate determining step.
  3. Oxidation occurs under Langmuir adsorption conditions with a four point attachment.
  4. Ionized crotonic acid is the reacting species.
  5. The rate is proportional to the electrode surface free of adsorbed crotonic acid species"--Abstract, page ii.

Advisor(s)

Johnson, James W., 1930-2002

Committee Member(s)

Strunk, Mailand R., 1919-2008
Hill, Otto H.
Hanna, Samir B.

Department(s)

Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Degree Name

M.S. in Chemical Engineering

Sponsor(s)

National Science Foundation (U.S.)
University of Missouri at Rolla

Publisher

University of Missouri at Rolla

Publication Date

1966

Pagination

ix, 70 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 48-49).

Rights

© 1966 Richard C. Porter, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

File Type

text

Language

English

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Crotonic acid
Electrolytic oxidation
Electrochemistry

Thesis Number

T 1925

Print OCLC #

5977392

Electronic OCLC #

907292735

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