Masters Theses

Abstract

"The Acari Iron Mining District, part of a tilted uplifted fault block, comprises an area about 300 square kilometers, in the southern part of the coastal belt of Peru. It is in the foothills of the western range of the Andes and it is dominantly formed by granodioritic and granitic intrusive rocks which belong to the Andean batholith of Cretaceous-Tertiary age. The intrusive rocks are overlain by a central, elongated, northwest trending band, of metasedimentary and volcanic rocks

The magnetite deposits of Acari district are long, dike-shaped bodies, which fill two systems of fractures in the granodiorite intrusive, located in the southwest portion of the district. One fracture system, includes both the Mastuerzo and Campana Zone, has NWN trend. The other fracture system, the Pongo Zone, trends NE. The ore consists predominantly of black, massive, compact, microporous, fine-grained magnetite characterized by colloform texture. Its average grade is about 60-66% Fe with 0.10-0.20% P. The deposits are characterized by a vertical zoning which plunges southward, consisting of: 1) an upper magnetite ore zone, 2) a transitional zone, and 3) a lower barren amphibole zone. Two successive stages of fracturing and faulting, one forming transverse faults, the other longitudinal faults, have affected the magnetite deposits. The deposits are believed to have resulted from two principal endogenetic processes, one was the injection of rich-iron fluids into fractures in the granodiorite intrusive, the second was hypogenetic alteration of the magnetite deposits by barren hydrothermal solutions, which probably were derived from the crystallization of the granite intrusive in the northeastern portion of the district.

Three stratiform hematite deposits containing, about 31-37% Fe occur within the outcrop area of Mississippian (?) age of metasedimentary rocks at the headwater of the Loza Valley. Fairly consolidated black magnetite sands overlie the granite intrusive in Cerro Conchudo. They contain approximately 6% Fe.

Copper veins consisting of discontinuous ore shoots of oxidized minerals in long, east-west trending fissures occur within the granite intrusive, or as fractures filling in felsic dikes or quartz veins within the Dark Volcanics and within the granodiorite intrusive "--Abstract, pages xiv, xv.

Advisor(s)

Hagni, Richard D.

Committee Member(s)

Grant, S. Kerry
Kisvarsanyi, Geza
Zenor, Hughes M., 1908-2001

Department(s)

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering

Degree Name

M.S. in Geology

Publisher

University of Missouri at Rolla

Publication Date

1966

Pagination

xv, 170 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 162-169).

Geographic Coverage

Peru

Time Period

Cretaceous
Tertiary

Rights

© 1966 Raul Alejandro Zevallos, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

File Type

text

Language

English

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Geology -- Peru
Mines and mineral resources -- Peru
Geology, Stratigraphic -- Cretaceous
Geology, Stratigraphic -- Tertiary

Thesis Number

T 1961

Print OCLC #

5979958

Electronic OCLC #

920471773

Comments

"The author expresses his sincere appreciation to Dr. Paul D. Proctor, Professor of Geology at the University of Missouri at Rolla and Dean of the School of Science as advisor for the thesis and his guidance, helpful suggestions and friendly discussions. He also supervised the initial writing of the manuscript. The completion of the thesis was done under the advisement of Dr. Richard D. Hagni, Associate Professor at that University. His assistance is gratefully acknowledged."--Acknowledgments, page 8.

10 plates are included as supplemental material.

1.tif (87571 kB)
Acari Iron Mining District: General Geologic Map of the Acari Region (Plate I)

9.tif (86355 kB)
Acari Iron Mining District Arequipa – Peru: Geologic Sections of the Acari Region (Plate 2)

3.tif (124121 kB)
Acari Iron Mining District Arequipa – Peru: Ground Magnetic Map of the Mastuerzo (Plate No. 3)

10.tif (40192 kB)
Acari Iron Mining District Arequipa – Peru: Geologic Vertical Projection of Vein I Mastuerzo Zone (Plate No. 4)

2.tif (89717 kB)
Development Progress Map IA Vein (Plate No. 5)

5.tif (65376 kB)
Acari Iron Mining District Arequipa – Peru: Geologic Cross Section 8800 N Veins I and IA Looking North (Plate No. 6)

4.tif (66027 kB)
Acari Iron Mining District Arequipa – Peru: Geologic Cross Section 9000 N Veins I and IA Looking North Mastuerzo Zone (Plate No. 7)

7.tif (65569 kB)
Acari Iron Mining District Arequipa – Peru: Geologic Cross Section 9300 N Veins I and IA Looking North Mastuerzo Zone (Plate No. 8)

8.tif (65651 kB)
Acari Iron Mining District Arequipa – Peru: Geologic Cross Section 9500 N Veins I and IA Looking North Mastuerzo Zone (Plate No. 9)

6.tif (66666 kB)
Acari Iron Mining District Arequipa – Peru: Geologic Cross Section 9600 N Veins I and IA Looking North Mastuerzo Zone (Plate No. 10)

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