Masters Theses

Abstract

"The unit operation of liquid-liquid extraction has developed enormously in the last 20 years and is now recognized as one of the most important techniques for the physical separation and refining of industrial liquids. For years the conventional apparatus used for liquid-liquid extraction has been towers employing countercurrent flow of the liquids and equipped with various means to increase the interfacial area.

The countercurrent column consists of a tower through which flows a continuous phase while countercurrent to this flow is a stream of droplets (the dispersed phase). Provision is made for dispersing one phase with a settling region at each end of the tower. This arrangement corresponds to the single spray tower in absorption but in practice such a simple apparatus has a very low efficiency due to incomplete mixing and coalescing of the original droplets.

A recent design for the improvement of liquid-liquid extraction equipment involves a column utilizing countercurrent flow, mechanical agitation, and baffled settling zones. In one case, the column is fitted with sieve plates that may be moved up and down relative to the liquid producing the agitation, while the liquids flow countercurrently through the plates. Settling takes place during the pauses between the strokes. The operation and construction or this column can be simplified by using stationary plates and agitating by imparting a reciprocating motion to the liquids relative to the plates. Another possible design is a column which consists of a number of compartments formed by a series of stator rings, with a rotating disc centered in each compartment and supported by a rotating shaft. This apparatus has been proved to be highly efficient, simple, and cheap to operate, and easy to maintain.

The purpose of this thesis was to design a liquid-liquid extraction system containing (1) a pulse extraction column and (2) a rotating-disc contactor column for non-hazardous, simulated, nuclear fuel processing. The system was designed such that the two columns may be operated (1) separately, (2) as a countercurrent system, and (3) as a multiple contact system"--Introduction, pages 1-2.

Advisor(s)

Thompson, Dudley, 1913-1996

Committee Member(s)

Conrad, Frank H., 1902-1983
Webb, William H.

Department(s)

Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Degree Name

M.S. in Chemical Engineering

Sponsor(s)

U. S. Atomic Energy Commission

Publisher

Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy

Publication Date

1958

Pagination

xii, 139 pages

Note about bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 130-136).

Rights

© 1958 Mehdi Rahmani Fard, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

File Type

text

Language

English

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Extraction (Chemistry) -- Equipment and supplies -- Design and construction

Thesis Number

T 1167

Print OCLC #

5157503

Electronic OCLC #

945664202

Comments

An oversized table inserted before the title page is included here as supplementary material.

Fard_Mehdi_1958_Table_V.TIF (1090 kB)
Construction Materials and Items of Apparatus Employed in the Design of Liquid-Liquid Extraction System

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