"The design and implementation of a small endothermic generator is described. The required safety features for the generator are discussed. A small endothermic generator was designed to be heated by electric heating elements and utilize propane for the creation of a protective atmosphere for the heat treatment of steel. The comprehensive design calculations included: the equilibrium gas composition of propane at cracking temperatures; the energy required to heat the reaction gases and provide sufficient energy to provide cracking of propane; and shell losses to the refractory. Construction of the generator is detailed Performance comparisons to a mathematical model of a packed bed is described. A parametric analysis of operating variables was performed and the results provided. Results indicated that the best operating performance was obtained with a temperature of 1065°C, an air to propane ratio of 7.6 to 1, and small catalyst size without alumina topping. It was found that the alumina topping contributed to a higher exit temperature of the dissociated propane, but caused a premature sooting reaction at the exit end of the retort"--Abstract, page iii.
Newkirk, Joseph William
Ramsay, Christopher W.
Alofs, Darryl J.
Materials Science and Engineering
M.S. in Metallurgical Engineering
University of Missouri--Rolla
xi, 131 pages
© 1995 Donald Scott MacKenzie, All rights reserved.
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MacKenzie, Donald Scott, "The design and implementation of a small endothermic generator for laboratory use" (1995). Masters Theses. 1508.
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