Session Start Date

11-6-2014

Session End Date

11-6-2014

Abstract

This paper describes six full-scale laboratory tests conducted on cold-formed steel portal frames buildings in order to investigate the effects of joint flexibility and stressed-skin diaphragm action. The frames used for the laboratory tests were of span of 6 m, height of 3 m and pitch of 10⁰; the frame spacing was 3 m. The laboratory test setup represented buildings of length of 9 m, having two gable frames and two internal frames. Tests were conducted on frames having two joint sizes, both with and without roof cladding. It was shown that as a result of stressed-skin diaphragm action, under horizontal load the bending moment at the eaves was reduced by approximately a factor of three, relative to the bare frame. It was also shown that as a result of stressed-skin action, the deflection of the internal frame reduced by 90%, and that the stiffness was independent of joint flexibility. On the other hand, owing to redistribution of bending moment from the eaves to the apex, the effect of joint flexibility was shown not to be significant on the overall failure load of the frame.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Wei-Wen Yu Center for Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Sponsor(s)

Capital Steel Buildings Ltd.

Meeting Name

22nd International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

11-6-2014

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2014 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

Share

 
COinS
 
Nov 6th, 12:00 AM Nov 6th, 12:00 AM

Effect of Stressed-Skin Action on the Behaviour of Cold-Formed Steel Portal Frames

This paper describes six full-scale laboratory tests conducted on cold-formed steel portal frames buildings in order to investigate the effects of joint flexibility and stressed-skin diaphragm action. The frames used for the laboratory tests were of span of 6 m, height of 3 m and pitch of 10⁰; the frame spacing was 3 m. The laboratory test setup represented buildings of length of 9 m, having two gable frames and two internal frames. Tests were conducted on frames having two joint sizes, both with and without roof cladding. It was shown that as a result of stressed-skin diaphragm action, under horizontal load the bending moment at the eaves was reduced by approximately a factor of three, relative to the bare frame. It was also shown that as a result of stressed-skin action, the deflection of the internal frame reduced by 90%, and that the stiffness was independent of joint flexibility. On the other hand, owing to redistribution of bending moment from the eaves to the apex, the effect of joint flexibility was shown not to be significant on the overall failure load of the frame.