Session Start Date

8-24-2012

Session End Date

8-25-2012

Abstract

This paper deals with the application of beam finite element models based on Generalized Beam Theory (GBT) to analyze the buckling behavior of three cold-formed steel structural systems, namely (i) beams belonging to storage rack systems, (ii) portal frames built from rectangular hollow section (RHS) profiles and (iii) roof-supporting trusses, exhibiting different support conditions and subjected to various loadings. In particular, taking advantage of the GBT unique and structurally clarifying modal features, it is possible to assess how different geometries and/or bracing arrangements affect (improve) the local, distortional and/or global buckling behavior of the above structural systems. The accuracy of the GBT-based buckling results is assessed through the comparison with values yielded by rigorous shell finite element analyses carried out in the code ANSYS. In spite of the disparity between the numbers of degrees of freedom involved, which are orders of magnitude apart, there is a virtual coincidence between the critical buckling loads and mode shapes provided by the GBT (beam) and ANSYS (shell) finite element analyses.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Wei-Wen Yu Center for Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Meeting Name

21st International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

8-24-2012

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Using Generalized Beam Theory (GBT) to Assess the Buckling Behavior of Cold-formed Steel Structural Systems

This paper deals with the application of beam finite element models based on Generalized Beam Theory (GBT) to analyze the buckling behavior of three cold-formed steel structural systems, namely (i) beams belonging to storage rack systems, (ii) portal frames built from rectangular hollow section (RHS) profiles and (iii) roof-supporting trusses, exhibiting different support conditions and subjected to various loadings. In particular, taking advantage of the GBT unique and structurally clarifying modal features, it is possible to assess how different geometries and/or bracing arrangements affect (improve) the local, distortional and/or global buckling behavior of the above structural systems. The accuracy of the GBT-based buckling results is assessed through the comparison with values yielded by rigorous shell finite element analyses carried out in the code ANSYS. In spite of the disparity between the numbers of degrees of freedom involved, which are orders of magnitude apart, there is a virtual coincidence between the critical buckling loads and mode shapes provided by the GBT (beam) and ANSYS (shell) finite element analyses.