Session Start Date

8-24-2012

Session End Date

8-25-2012

Keywords and Phrases

Light-weight roof system; wind tunnel test; time-history analysis; wind-induced forces for the clips; tributary wind load area

Abstract

Severe damage to light-weight roof system occur when exposed to strong wind loading. Damage investigations and wind load-bearing capacity tests of light-weight roof system reveal that the connection damage of roof sheeting and fastener is the most serious. Wind pressure distributions on the roof of gabled steel frame measured in a wind tunnel are described. Secondly, illustrated by the example of the classic standing-lock roof system, the wind-induced forces for the concealed clips estimated by the building code and time-history analysis based on wind tunnel test, respectively, are compared. The results indicate that the uniform gust factor used in the building code for the wind-induced forces for the clips cannot guarantee that all the clips have strong strength in an actual wind load. Any of wind-induced forces for the clips varies in a relative large rang affected by the fluctuation and spatial correlation of wind pressure. The building code generally provided inconsistent estimations of the wind-induced forces of the clips and the true loaded wind area should be evaluated by considering the characteristics of the spatial correlation of wind pressures relative to the structural framing.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Wei-Wen Yu Center for Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Meeting Name

21st International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

8-24-2012

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Dynamic Time-history Analysis on Wind-induced Response of Light-weight Roof System

Severe damage to light-weight roof system occur when exposed to strong wind loading. Damage investigations and wind load-bearing capacity tests of light-weight roof system reveal that the connection damage of roof sheeting and fastener is the most serious. Wind pressure distributions on the roof of gabled steel frame measured in a wind tunnel are described. Secondly, illustrated by the example of the classic standing-lock roof system, the wind-induced forces for the concealed clips estimated by the building code and time-history analysis based on wind tunnel test, respectively, are compared. The results indicate that the uniform gust factor used in the building code for the wind-induced forces for the clips cannot guarantee that all the clips have strong strength in an actual wind load. Any of wind-induced forces for the clips varies in a relative large rang affected by the fluctuation and spatial correlation of wind pressure. The building code generally provided inconsistent estimations of the wind-induced forces of the clips and the true loaded wind area should be evaluated by considering the characteristics of the spatial correlation of wind pressures relative to the structural framing.