Session Start Date

8-24-2012

Session End Date

8-25-2012

Abstract

The first experimental phase of the NEES Nonstructural Grand Challenge Project: “Simulation of the Seismic Performance of Nonstructural Systems” investigated the in-plane hysteretic behaviors of thirty-six full-scale cold-formed steel framed gypsum partition walls. Results of quasi-static reverse cyclic and dynamic testing on sixteen wall configurations including walls with commercial and institutional construction details and innovative connection techniques are first briefly reviewed. Thereafter, six tri-linear hysteretic models of partition walls with pinching behavior and strength and stiffness degradation are developed based on the experimental data for use in a finite element analysis platform. The partition wall models, represented by shear spring elements at each floor level, are incorporated into a numerical model of a four story steel moment frame medical facility. Although nonstructural components are required to carry self-imposed loads and minimal external loads and are not required to be considered in the structural analysis and design of buildings, the addition of the partition walls are shown to increase the stiffness and strength of the building, reducing the natural period by more than 11%. Furthermore, partition walls are shown to introduce over 42% more damping into the building due to the continual energy dissipation through their pinched hysteretic behaviors. The effect of the nonstructural partition walls on the inter-story displacements and absolute accelerations is also examined.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Wei-Wen Yu Center for Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Meeting Name

21st International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

8-24-2012

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Effects of Cold-formed Steel Framed Gypsum Partition Walls on the Seismic Response of a Medical Facility

The first experimental phase of the NEES Nonstructural Grand Challenge Project: “Simulation of the Seismic Performance of Nonstructural Systems” investigated the in-plane hysteretic behaviors of thirty-six full-scale cold-formed steel framed gypsum partition walls. Results of quasi-static reverse cyclic and dynamic testing on sixteen wall configurations including walls with commercial and institutional construction details and innovative connection techniques are first briefly reviewed. Thereafter, six tri-linear hysteretic models of partition walls with pinching behavior and strength and stiffness degradation are developed based on the experimental data for use in a finite element analysis platform. The partition wall models, represented by shear spring elements at each floor level, are incorporated into a numerical model of a four story steel moment frame medical facility. Although nonstructural components are required to carry self-imposed loads and minimal external loads and are not required to be considered in the structural analysis and design of buildings, the addition of the partition walls are shown to increase the stiffness and strength of the building, reducing the natural period by more than 11%. Furthermore, partition walls are shown to introduce over 42% more damping into the building due to the continual energy dissipation through their pinched hysteretic behaviors. The effect of the nonstructural partition walls on the inter-story displacements and absolute accelerations is also examined.