Session Start Date

11-3-2010

Abstract

Roof deck construction often incorporates cold-formed steel panels that are connected to the underlying framing with the use of arc-spot welds. The welds are commonly located in areas where multiple layers of roof deck exist, such as at sidelaps or endlaps. CSA S136 restricts the use of multi-layer connections to being less than 2.5 mm thick; as well, the thickness of the supporting steel must exceed 2.5 times the aggregate thickness of the deck. In effect, the standard does not allow for the use of arc-spot welds for 18 ga (1.21 mm) and 16 ga (1.52 mm) roof deck panels. Nonetheless, it is not unusual for these deck panels to be used in construction; a solution to the arc-spot weld restrictions and a new welding protocol was needed. This situation led to the initiation of a research program on the shear resistance and tension resistance of multi-layer arc spot welds. The paper describes the welding protocol that was developed to obtain adequate quality and size arc-spot welds in up to four layers of 16 ga. deck. Weld test specimens were fabricated through one, two or four layers of steel sheets with thicknesses ranging from 22 ga. (0.76 mm) to 16 ga. (1.52 mm). Various sheet steel / weld configurations found in roof deck construction were included. A total of 72 tension tests and 107 shear tests were completed. Adequate weld quality could be achieved in all cases except that welds were undersized when the total sheet thickness becomes twice as large as the thickness of the underlying material. The results were compared with the current provisions of CSA S136 and modifications to the existing design equations are recommended.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Wei-Wen Yu Center for Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Meeting Name

20th International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

11-3-2010

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

Share

 
COinS
 
Nov 3rd, 12:00 AM

Arc-spot Welds for Multi-overlap Roof Deck Panels

Roof deck construction often incorporates cold-formed steel panels that are connected to the underlying framing with the use of arc-spot welds. The welds are commonly located in areas where multiple layers of roof deck exist, such as at sidelaps or endlaps. CSA S136 restricts the use of multi-layer connections to being less than 2.5 mm thick; as well, the thickness of the supporting steel must exceed 2.5 times the aggregate thickness of the deck. In effect, the standard does not allow for the use of arc-spot welds for 18 ga (1.21 mm) and 16 ga (1.52 mm) roof deck panels. Nonetheless, it is not unusual for these deck panels to be used in construction; a solution to the arc-spot weld restrictions and a new welding protocol was needed. This situation led to the initiation of a research program on the shear resistance and tension resistance of multi-layer arc spot welds. The paper describes the welding protocol that was developed to obtain adequate quality and size arc-spot welds in up to four layers of 16 ga. deck. Weld test specimens were fabricated through one, two or four layers of steel sheets with thicknesses ranging from 22 ga. (0.76 mm) to 16 ga. (1.52 mm). Various sheet steel / weld configurations found in roof deck construction were included. A total of 72 tension tests and 107 shear tests were completed. Adequate weld quality could be achieved in all cases except that welds were undersized when the total sheet thickness becomes twice as large as the thickness of the underlying material. The results were compared with the current provisions of CSA S136 and modifications to the existing design equations are recommended.