Location

Saint Louis, Missouri

Session Start Date

10-18-1994

Abstract

Nonlinear time step dynamic analyses have been performed on 24 rectangular single-storey steel framed buildings including a metal roof deck diaphragm and steel bracing bays along their exterior walls. The structures were designed according to current Canadian codes and were subjected to site specific ensembles of historical earthquake accelerograms. The analyses indicated that larger in-plane deformations and bending moments developed in the diaphragm compared to the values expected from the equivalent lateral force procedure commonly used in design. The distribution of the shear forces in the diaphragm was also found to deviate significantly from the linear distribution assumed in design. In addition, the ductility demand in the bracing bents exceeded the amount predicted by nonlinear analyses performed on equivalent single-degree of freedom systems. Based on these results, preliminary design guidelines have been proposed for predicting the deformations, moments and shear forces in roof diaphragm as well as for confining inelastic action in the vertical bracing elements.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Research Center/Lab(s)

Wei-Wen Yu Center for Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Meeting Name

12th International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

10-18-1994

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 1994 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Oct 18th, 12:00 AM

Seismic Response of Single-storey Steel Buildings

Saint Louis, Missouri

Nonlinear time step dynamic analyses have been performed on 24 rectangular single-storey steel framed buildings including a metal roof deck diaphragm and steel bracing bays along their exterior walls. The structures were designed according to current Canadian codes and were subjected to site specific ensembles of historical earthquake accelerograms. The analyses indicated that larger in-plane deformations and bending moments developed in the diaphragm compared to the values expected from the equivalent lateral force procedure commonly used in design. The distribution of the shear forces in the diaphragm was also found to deviate significantly from the linear distribution assumed in design. In addition, the ductility demand in the bracing bents exceeded the amount predicted by nonlinear analyses performed on equivalent single-degree of freedom systems. Based on these results, preliminary design guidelines have been proposed for predicting the deformations, moments and shear forces in roof diaphragm as well as for confining inelastic action in the vertical bracing elements.