Location

Chicago, Illinois

Session Start Date

4-29-2013

Session End Date

5-4-2013

Abstract

Indian sub-continent is highly vulnerable to geological and hydro-meteorological hazards. Occurrences of hazard events like earthquakes, cyclones, floods, landslides have, more than often turned into disasters of varying severity with devastating impact on development process destroying human lives, property, livelihoods and social fabric. Efficient management of disasters, rather than mere response to their occurrence, has in recent decades, received an increasing attention of the national planners leading to the formulation of Disaster Management Act in 2005 by Government of India. The national policy enshrined in the Act marked a paradigm shift from the erstwhile post-disaster relief-centric approach to pro-active approach based on prevention, mitigation and preparedness. The new policy catapulted initiatives in the areas of hazard evaluation and quantification, risk assessment of built infrastructure capacity building of concerned stakeholders, structural audit and upgradation of existing unsafe buildings, post disaster damage and need assessment, updating the disaster specific codes, amending the building byelaws, land-use zoning practices of urban local bodies. The Paper summarizes the practices, institutional mechanisms and regulatory framework those emerged from the above initiatives and which are getting gradually established as accepted practices at national, state, district and local levels.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering

Meeting Name

Seventh Conference

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

4-29-2013

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2013 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Apr 29th, 12:00 AM May 4th, 12:00 AM

Natural Hazard Preparedness And Mitigation in India

Chicago, Illinois

Indian sub-continent is highly vulnerable to geological and hydro-meteorological hazards. Occurrences of hazard events like earthquakes, cyclones, floods, landslides have, more than often turned into disasters of varying severity with devastating impact on development process destroying human lives, property, livelihoods and social fabric. Efficient management of disasters, rather than mere response to their occurrence, has in recent decades, received an increasing attention of the national planners leading to the formulation of Disaster Management Act in 2005 by Government of India. The national policy enshrined in the Act marked a paradigm shift from the erstwhile post-disaster relief-centric approach to pro-active approach based on prevention, mitigation and preparedness. The new policy catapulted initiatives in the areas of hazard evaluation and quantification, risk assessment of built infrastructure capacity building of concerned stakeholders, structural audit and upgradation of existing unsafe buildings, post disaster damage and need assessment, updating the disaster specific codes, amending the building byelaws, land-use zoning practices of urban local bodies. The Paper summarizes the practices, institutional mechanisms and regulatory framework those emerged from the above initiatives and which are getting gradually established as accepted practices at national, state, district and local levels.