Location

Chicago, Illinois

Session Start Date

4-29-2013

Session End Date

5-4-2013

Abstract

The accidental topography and heterogeneous Lebanese geology in addition to the active seismicity have initiated the static and dynamic stability analysis of Lebanese slopes. In this paper, the stability of a sandy Lebanese slope situated at Mansourieh near Beirut is investigated using deterministic and probabilistic approaches. The characterization of the variability of the slope soil properties is done based on geological investigation, as well as geophysical (Resistivity and Ambient noise) and geotechnical tests performed on this slope. Three dimensional 3D static deterministic analyses is performed to determine the overall safety factor of the slope and to find the location of the critical failure surface. The deterministic model is based on numerical simulations using the finite difference code FLAC3D. Then, two-dimensional probabilistic analysis is carried out on the critical section obtained from the 3D model. In the probabilistic analysis, the soil properties are modeled using the random field theory. An efficient uncertainty propagation methodology based on the expansion optimal linear estimation EOLE method is used to discretize the random field. Concerning the dynamic analysis, it is implemented in order to determine the amplification at the top of slope, where the looseness of the soil there may amplify the earthquake acceleration. The results have shown a small safety factor as well as high amplification. The importance of using the probabilistic approach versus the deterministic one is also presented and discussed.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering

Meeting Name

Seventh Conference

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

4-29-2013

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2013 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Apr 29th, 12:00 AM May 4th, 12:00 AM

Effect of the Soil Spatial Variability on the Static and Dynamic Stability Analysis of a Lebanese Slope

Chicago, Illinois

The accidental topography and heterogeneous Lebanese geology in addition to the active seismicity have initiated the static and dynamic stability analysis of Lebanese slopes. In this paper, the stability of a sandy Lebanese slope situated at Mansourieh near Beirut is investigated using deterministic and probabilistic approaches. The characterization of the variability of the slope soil properties is done based on geological investigation, as well as geophysical (Resistivity and Ambient noise) and geotechnical tests performed on this slope. Three dimensional 3D static deterministic analyses is performed to determine the overall safety factor of the slope and to find the location of the critical failure surface. The deterministic model is based on numerical simulations using the finite difference code FLAC3D. Then, two-dimensional probabilistic analysis is carried out on the critical section obtained from the 3D model. In the probabilistic analysis, the soil properties are modeled using the random field theory. An efficient uncertainty propagation methodology based on the expansion optimal linear estimation EOLE method is used to discretize the random field. Concerning the dynamic analysis, it is implemented in order to determine the amplification at the top of slope, where the looseness of the soil there may amplify the earthquake acceleration. The results have shown a small safety factor as well as high amplification. The importance of using the probabilistic approach versus the deterministic one is also presented and discussed.