Location

Chicago, Illinois

Session Start Date

4-29-2013

Session End Date

5-4-2013

Abstract

The use of spread footings over compressible soils is becoming more common for Minnesota Department of Transportation bridges as technologies improve to better predict, mitigate, and evaluate settlement. In August of 2011 the north abutment of a new bridge crossing I-494 was constructed over compressible soils following a soil fill preload, designed to reduce the foundation settlement from several inches to less than one inch, to meet project requirements. Spread footing foundations are seldom outfitted with instrumentation; adequate performance is frequently assumed based on the decision to use shallow foundations. Here, a monitoring plan was developed to validate the preloading technique for mitigating otherwise unacceptable deformations, assess the efficacy of shallow foundation monitoring methods, and gain a better understanding of shallow foundation behavior with time. Instrumentation consisted of two earth pressure cells, a horizontal MEMS SAA deformation monitoring array, and four optical survey reflectors which were installed during the construction of the foundation and abutment wall. During the course of construction, portions of the abutment backfill soil volume were placed and removed to accommodate the construction of the bridge deck and the adjacent wall footings. The effect of the various loading and unloading conditions was observed on the sensors. The abutment foundation performance over the construction timeline is discussed, including apparent loading, deflection, and rotation. The data from the manually observed survey targets is compared to the automated data from the SAA and earth pressure cells.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering

Meeting Name

Seventh Conference

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

4-29-2013

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2013 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Apr 29th, 12:00 AM May 4th, 12:00 AM

Performance Monitoring of a Bridge Abutment Spread Footing From Construction Through Service

Chicago, Illinois

The use of spread footings over compressible soils is becoming more common for Minnesota Department of Transportation bridges as technologies improve to better predict, mitigate, and evaluate settlement. In August of 2011 the north abutment of a new bridge crossing I-494 was constructed over compressible soils following a soil fill preload, designed to reduce the foundation settlement from several inches to less than one inch, to meet project requirements. Spread footing foundations are seldom outfitted with instrumentation; adequate performance is frequently assumed based on the decision to use shallow foundations. Here, a monitoring plan was developed to validate the preloading technique for mitigating otherwise unacceptable deformations, assess the efficacy of shallow foundation monitoring methods, and gain a better understanding of shallow foundation behavior with time. Instrumentation consisted of two earth pressure cells, a horizontal MEMS SAA deformation monitoring array, and four optical survey reflectors which were installed during the construction of the foundation and abutment wall. During the course of construction, portions of the abutment backfill soil volume were placed and removed to accommodate the construction of the bridge deck and the adjacent wall footings. The effect of the various loading and unloading conditions was observed on the sensors. The abutment foundation performance over the construction timeline is discussed, including apparent loading, deflection, and rotation. The data from the manually observed survey targets is compared to the automated data from the SAA and earth pressure cells.