Location

Chicago, Illinois

Session Start Date

4-29-2013

Session End Date

5-4-2013

Abstract

Liquefaction assessments of gravels and soils that contain a large gravel fraction are difficult. Undisturbed (intact) sampling of these soils is problematic and laboratory testing carried out on reconstituted samples or on frozen samples obtained from the field is time consuming, expensive, and interpretation of the results requires considerable judgment. Because of these and other issues, for a remote site in British Columbia, Canada (aka “Study Site”), it was decided to carry out the liquefaction potential assessment using existing published relationships and case history data on similar soils. This case history describes the approach utilized, including material mechanical properties, measured shear wave velocities and insitu density data obtained from shallow test pits excavated across the study site. Comparisons to published data on similar soils are discussed. To assess the liquefaction potential of the gravels, normalized shear wave velocity data were related to void ratio. The void ratio was then related to the CRR using published relationships on a similar gravelly soil tested in the laboratory. The liquefaction potential was assessed in the conventional manner comparing the cyclic resistance ratio (after appropriate consideration of correction factors used in laboratory cyclic testing) to the seismic demand (CSR). The approach described in the case history generalizes the methodology for application to other gravel deposits at other sites.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering

Meeting Name

Seventh Conference

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

4-29-2013

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2013 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Apr 29th, 12:00 AM May 4th, 12:00 AM

Liquefaction Resistance of Gravelly Soils

Chicago, Illinois

Liquefaction assessments of gravels and soils that contain a large gravel fraction are difficult. Undisturbed (intact) sampling of these soils is problematic and laboratory testing carried out on reconstituted samples or on frozen samples obtained from the field is time consuming, expensive, and interpretation of the results requires considerable judgment. Because of these and other issues, for a remote site in British Columbia, Canada (aka “Study Site”), it was decided to carry out the liquefaction potential assessment using existing published relationships and case history data on similar soils. This case history describes the approach utilized, including material mechanical properties, measured shear wave velocities and insitu density data obtained from shallow test pits excavated across the study site. Comparisons to published data on similar soils are discussed. To assess the liquefaction potential of the gravels, normalized shear wave velocity data were related to void ratio. The void ratio was then related to the CRR using published relationships on a similar gravelly soil tested in the laboratory. The liquefaction potential was assessed in the conventional manner comparing the cyclic resistance ratio (after appropriate consideration of correction factors used in laboratory cyclic testing) to the seismic demand (CSR). The approach described in the case history generalizes the methodology for application to other gravel deposits at other sites.