Location

Arlington, Virginia

Session Start Date

8-11-2008

Session End Date

8-16-2008

Abstract

Propagation characteristics of waves generated by the various sources of vibration can be dependent on the type of the generated waves, which can be accessed by measuring particle motion in vertical, longitudinal and transverse direction. The monitoring of motion in three directions on the ground surface and in depth is important for the characterization of propagating waves. Vibrations of the machine foundations induce elastic waves in soil, which may affect surrounding buildings. Generally, the attenuation of vibrations on surface is composed of two factors namely geometric damping and material damping. The paper is an experimental investigation with regard to the ground vibrations and its attenuation during the operation of power plants. The study helps in characterizing the soil around a power plant. The investigation was carried out on two power plants, which runs at the same frequency, and soil characterization was done based on the study. Measurements were taken on the level ground for the harmonic waves generated from the diesel power plant. Study is found to be helpful in characterizing the soil based on the frequency independent material damping coefficients, low amplitude shear modulus etc. on the plant premises. The effect of these vibrations on adjoining areas can be well predicted based on the soil medium.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering

Meeting Name

Sixth Conference

Publisher

Missouri University of Science and Technology

Publication Date

8-11-2008

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 2008 Missouri University of Science and Technology, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Aug 11th, 12:00 AM Aug 16th, 12:00 AM

Potential of Vibration Studies in the Soil Characterization Around Power Plants – A Case Study

Arlington, Virginia

Propagation characteristics of waves generated by the various sources of vibration can be dependent on the type of the generated waves, which can be accessed by measuring particle motion in vertical, longitudinal and transverse direction. The monitoring of motion in three directions on the ground surface and in depth is important for the characterization of propagating waves. Vibrations of the machine foundations induce elastic waves in soil, which may affect surrounding buildings. Generally, the attenuation of vibrations on surface is composed of two factors namely geometric damping and material damping. The paper is an experimental investigation with regard to the ground vibrations and its attenuation during the operation of power plants. The study helps in characterizing the soil around a power plant. The investigation was carried out on two power plants, which runs at the same frequency, and soil characterization was done based on the study. Measurements were taken on the level ground for the harmonic waves generated from the diesel power plant. Study is found to be helpful in characterizing the soil based on the frequency independent material damping coefficients, low amplitude shear modulus etc. on the plant premises. The effect of these vibrations on adjoining areas can be well predicted based on the soil medium.