Alternative Title

Paper No. 8.04

Location

St. Louis, Missouri

Session Start Date

3-8-1998

Session End Date

3-15-1998

Abstract

This paper contains illustrative case histories of the principal "forensic lessons" learned from multidisciplinary postearthquake investigations [United States Geological Survey, 1993] of damaging earthquakes throughout the world. Since 1980, the most notable earthquakes include those that struck Kobe, Japan in 1995, Northridge, California in 1994, Hokkaido-Nansei-Oki, Japan and Khalari, India in 1993, Landers, California and Erzincan, Turkey in 1992, Costa Rica in 1991, the Philippines in 1990, Lorna Prieta, California in 1989, Spitak, Armenia in 1988, Mexico in 1985, and El Asnam, Algeria and Irpinia, Italy in 1980. Individually and collectively, these earthquakes have served as scientific laboratories to show where things went wrong in the planning, siting, design, construction, and use of various types of buildings and lifeline systems founded on soil or rock both close to and far from the causative fault system. They have shown that communities keep on making nine basic mistakes which cause damage to be exacerbated and failure modes to be repeated in earthquake after earthquake.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering

Meeting Name

Fourth Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

3-8-1998

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 1998 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Case Histories of Damaging Earthquakes

St. Louis, Missouri

This paper contains illustrative case histories of the principal "forensic lessons" learned from multidisciplinary postearthquake investigations [United States Geological Survey, 1993] of damaging earthquakes throughout the world. Since 1980, the most notable earthquakes include those that struck Kobe, Japan in 1995, Northridge, California in 1994, Hokkaido-Nansei-Oki, Japan and Khalari, India in 1993, Landers, California and Erzincan, Turkey in 1992, Costa Rica in 1991, the Philippines in 1990, Lorna Prieta, California in 1989, Spitak, Armenia in 1988, Mexico in 1985, and El Asnam, Algeria and Irpinia, Italy in 1980. Individually and collectively, these earthquakes have served as scientific laboratories to show where things went wrong in the planning, siting, design, construction, and use of various types of buildings and lifeline systems founded on soil or rock both close to and far from the causative fault system. They have shown that communities keep on making nine basic mistakes which cause damage to be exacerbated and failure modes to be repeated in earthquake after earthquake.