Location

St. Louis, Missouri

Session Start Date

6-1-1993

Abstract

An outburst of warm springs together with the development of an extensive area of high pore-water pressures occurred during the first filling of the 50m high earth and rock fill Itezhitezhi Dam on the Kafue River in Zambia. These and other unanticipated events led to extensive geological and hydrogeological investigations that resulted in the implementation of unusual remedial measures. The remedial work was completed before the reservoir reached its full supply level. The dam has since performed successfully. The problems are reviewed in terms of the significance of the site geology. The hydrogeologic problems were found to be caused by the presence of a modified karstic terrane developed on a mineralized, faulted and deeply weathered bedrock of granite and associated rocks. Small differences between the river levels and the piezometric levels in deep porings contributed to a delay in problem identification. The problems encountered and their causes are thought to be without precedent.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering

Meeting Name

Third Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

6-1-1993

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 1993 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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Jun 1st, 12:00 AM

Geological Surprises at Itezhitezhi Dam, Zambia

St. Louis, Missouri

An outburst of warm springs together with the development of an extensive area of high pore-water pressures occurred during the first filling of the 50m high earth and rock fill Itezhitezhi Dam on the Kafue River in Zambia. These and other unanticipated events led to extensive geological and hydrogeological investigations that resulted in the implementation of unusual remedial measures. The remedial work was completed before the reservoir reached its full supply level. The dam has since performed successfully. The problems are reviewed in terms of the significance of the site geology. The hydrogeologic problems were found to be caused by the presence of a modified karstic terrane developed on a mineralized, faulted and deeply weathered bedrock of granite and associated rocks. Small differences between the river levels and the piezometric levels in deep porings contributed to a delay in problem identification. The problems encountered and their causes are thought to be without precedent.