Session Start Date

5-6-1984

Abstract

This paper describes the results of investigations on seismic damages to highway bridges due to the past major earthquakes occurred in Japan, with emphasis on gen. technical engineering aspects. More than three thousand highway bridges sustained seismic damages for these sixty years since 1923. Among them some thirty bridges completely fell down, including nine bridges failed due to the effects of fires. For some typical bridge damages, results of detailed analyses are also given in order to clarify the causes of the> damages. From the review of comprehensive studies on actual bridge damages, this paper makes several conclusions regarding seismic damage features of bridge structures, important factors to be considered in the seismic design of bridges, and research subjects on which further investigations are necessitated for improving the current seismic design procedures.

Department(s)

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering

Appears In

International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering

Meeting Name

First Conference

Publisher

University of Missouri--Rolla

Publication Date

5-6-1984

Document Version

Final Version

Rights

© 1984 University of Missouri--Rolla, All rights reserved.

Document Type

Article - Conference proceedings

File Type

text

Language

English

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May 6th, 12:00 AM

A Case History of Bridge Performance During Earthquakes in Japan

This paper describes the results of investigations on seismic damages to highway bridges due to the past major earthquakes occurred in Japan, with emphasis on gen. technical engineering aspects. More than three thousand highway bridges sustained seismic damages for these sixty years since 1923. Among them some thirty bridges completely fell down, including nine bridges failed due to the effects of fires. For some typical bridge damages, results of detailed analyses are also given in order to clarify the causes of the> damages. From the review of comprehensive studies on actual bridge damages, this paper makes several conclusions regarding seismic damage features of bridge structures, important factors to be considered in the seismic design of bridges, and research subjects on which further investigations are necessitated for improving the current seismic design procedures.