Characteristics, Stratigraphic Architecture, and Time Framework of Multi-Order Mixed Siliciclastic and Carbonate Depositional Sequences, Outcropping Cisco Group (Late Pennsylvanian and Early Permian), Eastern Shelf, North-Central Texas, USA
The Cisco Group on the Eastern Shelf of the Midland Basin is composed of fluvial, deltaic, shelf, shelf-margin, and slope-to-basin carbonate and siliciclastic rocks. Sedimentologic and stratigraphic analyses of 181 meter-to-decimeter-scale depositional sequences exposed in the up-dip shelf indicated that the siliciclastic and carbonate parasequences in the transgressive systems tracts (TST) are thin and upward deepening, whereas those in highstand systems tracts (HST) are thick and upward shallowing. The sequences can be subdivided into five types on the basis of principal lithofacies, and exhibit variable magnitude of facies shift corresponding to variable extents of marine transgression and regression on the shelf. The sequence stacking patterns and their regional persistence suggest a three-level sequence hierarchy controlled by eustasy, whereas local and regional changes in lithology, thickness, and sequence type, magnitude, and absence were controlled by interplay of eustasy, differential shelf subsidence, depositional topography, and pattern of siliciclastic supply. The outcropping Cisco Group is highly incomplete with an estimated 6 - 11% stratigraphic completeness. The average duration of deposition of the major (third-order) sequences is estimated as 67 - 102 ka on the up-dip shelf and increases down dip, while the average duration of the major sequence boundaries (SB) is estimated as 831 - 1066 ka and decreases down dip. The nondepositional and erosional hiatus on the up-dip shelf was represented by lowstand deltaic systems in the basin and slope.
W. Yang and M. Kominz, "Characteristics, Stratigraphic Architecture, and Time Framework of Multi-Order Mixed Siliciclastic and Carbonate Depositional Sequences, Outcropping Cisco Group (Late Pennsylvanian and Early Permian), Eastern Shelf, North-Central Texas, USA," Sedimentary Geology, vol. 154, no. 3-4, pp. 53-87, Elsevier, Jan 2003.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/S0037-0738(02)00100-8
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Carbonates; Pennsylvanian; Sequence Stratigraphy; Texas; Depositional Sequence; Permian; Sedimentation Rate; Siliciclastic Deposit; United States
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Article - Journal
© 2003 Elsevier, All rights reserved.